22 GeoTIFF Importing and Processing

A GeoTIFF is a standard .tif or image file format that includes additional spatial (georeferencing) information embedded in the .tif file as tags. Starting from 2022b, you can easily handle the GeoTIFF files in Origin.

Multiple Geotiff in Image Window.gif

Import Geotiff

Import as Images

  • To import a GeoTIFF file:

Select File: New: Image: Image/Video menu to open the GeoTIFF as image in Origin.

  • To import multiple GeoTIFF files:

Select File: New: Image: Multiple Image Files menu to open multiple GeoTIFF files as image in Origin.


Import as Matrix

  1. Active a Matrix, select Data: Import from File: Image to Matrix menu and choose the imported files.
  2. In Image to Matrix dialog, check the Import Grayscale GeoTIFF as Data checkbox.
Import GeoTIFF to Matrix.png


Export GeoTiFF

Export Images as GeoTiFF

  1. Select File: Export Image menu to open the Export Image dialog.
  2. Check the Export as Grayscale GeoTIFF checkbox.
  3. You can custom GT Model, EPSG and Units option for GeoTIFF file.
Note: If the image in the Origin is from a GeoTiFF file, when it export to GeoTiFF again the GT Model, EPSG and Units with default data.


Export Matrix as GeoTiFF

  1. Select File: Export: Image menu to open the Image: exImage dialog.
  2. Check the Export as Grayscale GeoTIFF checkbox.
  3. You can custom GT Model, EPSG and Units option for GeoTIFF file.

Visualize and Processing

Extract the interested area of GeoTIFF

  • For Matrix, you can use select an area using the Rectangle/ Circle/ Polygon/ Region tool ROI Rectangle Button.png as region-of-interest (ROI), and then extract data from it.

To know more detail about profiling matrix data on ROI in the NetCDF, please refer to this page

  • For Image, extract the interested area that is similar with extracting from Matrix

Right-click on the ROI and choose an option from the shortcut menu.

Image ROI shortcut menu.png


Apply Different Palette

Apply Color Palette

When a image is active, you can use the Palette Button Palette.png button and the Missing Value Color Popup Background Color.png button (in Mini Toolbar) to customize color of the matrix window.

GeoTIFFs In Differenct palletes.png

If you want to clear the color palette, you can run the follow script in the Script Window:

img.Palette$="";

Reverse Palette

When a image is apply color palette, you can use Reverse Palette Popup Revise Palette.png button (in Mini Toolbar) to reverse the color of the palette.


Set Gray Scale Display Range

Sometimes you would find the default display of the gray scale is not good enough or even bad to distinguish. You can fix it by setting the gray scale display range.

1. Determine the gray scale display range

With the Image window active,

  • Select Image: Grayscale Histogram menu to open cvhistogram dialog. This will output the pixel intensity distribution, from which you can easily tell the main distribution.

OR,

in case of Grayscale Histogram tool is not available for some image data type,

  • Select Image: Convert to Column menu to open cv2col dialog. This will output pixel values point by point. You can later perform frequency count on pixel values to determine the main distribution.

2. Setting gray scale display range

  • With Image window active, select Image: Set Grayscale Display Range menu to open cvgraymax dialog. Set the Min and Max pixel value to the main distribution range determined from the previous step.
  1. Active Image window, and select Image: Grayscale Histogram menu. Output the pixel intensity distribution in a new worksheet.
  2. Observe the output worksheet and find the Pixel Value main distribution.
  3. Active Image window, and select Image: Set Grayscale Display Range menu. Change the Min and Max pixel values according to the previous step.
Set Gray Scale Display Range.png


OR, a simpler and more interactive way,

  1. Click on the edge of the Image window to bring up the mini toolbar. And then click the Grapyscale Slider button Popup Grayscale Slider.png.
  2. On the Display Range Fine Tuner that opens, you can change the pixel values for Min and Max respectively. Change Slider From and Slider To according to the main distribution range determined from the previous step, and drag the slider in between to find a "good enough" display range.
Set Gray Scale Display Range slider.gif

Resize the GeoTIFF Image

To resize the GeoTIFF image, you can select Image: Resize to open cvResize, then select interpolation method to reset the image size.


Graphing

Plot Raster Data as Contour, Surface

After import GeoTIFF file to image, you can extracted the interested area. Then select Image: Convert to Matrix, and use Matrix data to plot Contour or Surface and so on.

3D Surface Map from DEM.png


Set GeoTIFF as Backgound of Graph

  1. Import the GeoTIFF image in to an Image window.
  2. Activate the Graph window (such as Pie, Bar or Bubble graph) to where you want to insert the image. Select Insert: Image from Image Window to insert the image as background.
GeoTIFF as Background.png

Analysis

Import the GeoTIFF files as stacked matrix in Origin, it can get used to Origin's analysis tools as NetCDF files.