# NAG Library Function Document

## 1Purpose

nag_dsyr (f16ppc) performs a rank-1 update on a real symmetric matrix.

## 2Specification

 #include #include
 void nag_dsyr (Nag_OrderType order, Nag_UploType uplo, Integer n, double alpha, const double x[], Integer incx, double beta, double a[], Integer pda, NagError *fail)

## 3Description

nag_dsyr (f16ppc) performs the symmetric rank-1 update operation
 $A←αxxT+βA,$
where $A$ is an $n$ by $n$ real symmetric matrix, $x$ is an $n$-element real vector, while $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are real scalars.

## 4References

Basic Linear Algebra Subprograms Technical (BLAST) Forum (2001) Basic Linear Algebra Subprograms Technical (BLAST) Forum Standard University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee http://www.netlib.org/blas/blast-forum/blas-report.pdf

## 5Arguments

1:    $\mathbf{order}$Nag_OrderTypeInput
On entry: the order argument specifies the two-dimensional storage scheme being used, i.e., row-major ordering or column-major ordering. C language defined storage is specified by ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_RowMajor}$. See Section 3.3.1.3 in How to Use the NAG Library and its Documentation for a more detailed explanation of the use of this argument.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_RowMajor}$ or $\mathrm{Nag_ColMajor}$.
2:    $\mathbf{uplo}$Nag_UploTypeInput
On entry: specifies whether the upper or lower triangular part of $A$ is stored.
${\mathbf{uplo}}=\mathrm{Nag_Upper}$
The upper triangular part of $A$ is stored.
${\mathbf{uplo}}=\mathrm{Nag_Lower}$
The lower triangular part of $A$ is stored.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{uplo}}=\mathrm{Nag_Upper}$ or $\mathrm{Nag_Lower}$.
3:    $\mathbf{n}$IntegerInput
On entry: $n$, the order of the matrix $A$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{n}}\ge 0$.
4:    $\mathbf{alpha}$doubleInput
On entry: the scalar $\alpha$.
5:    $\mathbf{x}\left[\mathit{dim}\right]$const doubleInput
Note: the dimension, dim, of the array x must be at least $\mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,1+\left({\mathbf{n}}-1\right)\left|{\mathbf{incx}}\right|\right)$.
On entry: the $n$-element vector $x$.
If ${\mathbf{incx}}>0$, ${x}_{\mathit{i}}$ must be stored in ${\mathbf{x}}\left[\left(\mathit{i}-1\right)×{\mathbf{incx}}\right]$, for $\mathit{i}=1,2,\dots ,{\mathbf{n}}$.
If ${\mathbf{incx}}<0$, ${x}_{\mathit{i}}$ must be stored in ${\mathbf{x}}\left[\left({\mathbf{n}}-\mathit{i}\right)×\left|{\mathbf{incx}}\right|\right]$, for $\mathit{i}=1,2,\dots ,{\mathbf{n}}$.
Intermediate elements of x are not referenced. If ${\mathbf{n}}=0$, x is not referenced and may be NULL.
6:    $\mathbf{incx}$IntegerInput
On entry: the increment in the subscripts of x between successive elements of $x$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{incx}}\ne 0$.
7:    $\mathbf{beta}$doubleInput
On entry: the scalar $\beta$.
8:    $\mathbf{a}\left[\mathit{dim}\right]$doubleInput/Output
Note: the dimension, dim, of the array a must be at least $\mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{pda}}×{\mathbf{n}}\right)$.
On entry: the $n$ by $n$ symmetric matrix $A$.
If ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_ColMajor}$, ${A}_{ij}$ is stored in ${\mathbf{a}}\left[\left(j-1\right)×{\mathbf{pda}}+i-1\right]$.
If ${\mathbf{order}}=\mathrm{Nag_RowMajor}$, ${A}_{ij}$ is stored in ${\mathbf{a}}\left[\left(i-1\right)×{\mathbf{pda}}+j-1\right]$.
If ${\mathbf{uplo}}=\mathrm{Nag_Upper}$, the upper triangular part of $A$ must be stored and the elements of the array below the diagonal are not referenced.
If ${\mathbf{uplo}}=\mathrm{Nag_Lower}$, the lower triangular part of $A$ must be stored and the elements of the array above the diagonal are not referenced.
On exit: the updated matrix $A$.
9:    $\mathbf{pda}$IntegerInput
On entry: the stride separating row or column elements (depending on the value of order) of the matrix $A$ in the array a.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{pda}}\ge \mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{n}}\right)$.
10:  $\mathbf{fail}$NagError *Input/Output
The NAG error argument (see Section 3.7 in How to Use the NAG Library and its Documentation).

## 6Error Indicators and Warnings

NE_ALLOC_FAIL
Dynamic memory allocation failed.
See Section 2.3.1.2 in How to Use the NAG Library and its Documentation for further information.
On entry, argument $〈\mathit{\text{value}}〉$ had an illegal value.
NE_INT
On entry, ${\mathbf{incx}}=〈\mathit{\text{value}}〉$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{incx}}\ne 0$.
On entry, ${\mathbf{n}}=〈\mathit{\text{value}}〉$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{n}}\ge 0$.
NE_INT_2
On entry, ${\mathbf{pda}}=〈\mathit{\text{value}}〉$, ${\mathbf{n}}=〈\mathit{\text{value}}〉$.
Constraint: ${\mathbf{pda}}\ge \mathrm{max}\phantom{\rule{0.125em}{0ex}}\left(1,{\mathbf{n}}\right)$.
NE_NO_LICENCE
Your licence key may have expired or may not have been installed correctly.
See Section 2.7.5 in How to Use the NAG Library and its Documentation for further information.

## 7Accuracy

The BLAS standard requires accurate implementations which avoid unnecessary over/underflow (see Section 2.7 of Basic Linear Algebra Subprograms Technical (BLAST) Forum (2001)).

## 8Parallelism and Performance

nag_dsyr (f16ppc) is not threaded in any implementation.

None.

## 10Example

Perform rank-1 update of real symmetric matrix $A$ using vector $x$:
 $A ← A - x xT ,$
where $A$ is the $4$ by $4$ matrix given by
 $A = 4.30 4.00 0.40 -0.28 4.00 -4.87 0.31 0.07 0.40 0.31 -8.02 -5.95 -0.28 0.07 -5.95 0.12$
and
 $x = 2.0,2.0,0.2,-0.14T .$

### 10.1Program Text

Program Text (f16ppce.c)

### 10.2Program Data

Program Data (f16ppce.d)

### 10.3Program Results

Program Results (f16ppce.r)

© The Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd, Oxford, UK. 2017